110th Ohio - The Battle of the Wilderness



The following article was transcribed from the 7 July 1870 issue of Stillwater Valley Gazette (Covington, Ohio). Exact transcription.

Submitted by Ken Clark, San Antonio TX  standbyone@sprintmail.com

The 110th, Ohio.

The reunion of the 110th Ohio will come off at Piqua, to-day; ---and we trust the boys, veterans they are, may have a fine time.

This gallant regiment was raised in Miami, Darke, Clark and Greene counties, the first Colonel being J. Warren Keifer, and W.N. Foster, Lt. Colonel. During much of their time of service, Col K. commanded a brigade, leaving the regiment in charge of Col. Foster, of course. The regiment went into Camp Piqua about the 1st day of September 1862, and organized. Mustered into the U.S. Service October 3, 1862. Left Camp Piqua, October 19, and went into camp at Parkersburg, W. Va. After a stay of only two weeks, the regiment proceeded via B.&O. R.R. to Clarksburg, and remained there two weeks;--then to New Creek, and encamped there about two weeks. From New Creek the regiment marched to Moorfield, via Burlington and Petersburg. The regiment was divided at Moorfield, and the different portions were marched in different directions. The main portion reached Winchester, January 1, 1863, and was assigned to the 8th Army Corps. In June, the regiment was first under fire, and engaged a portion of Lee's army at Kernstown. Being overpowered by numbers, it cut its was through, and marched to Harper's Ferry. In July, the regiment was assigned to the 3rd Army Corps, and marched in pursuit of Lee's army, skirmishing on the way, reaching Fox's Ford, on the Rappahannock, in August. After varied fortunes, it took part in the battle of Locust Grove, in November, 1863, losing five killed and twenty wounded.

In March, 1864, the 110th became part of the 6th Army Corps, and took part in the battle of the Wilderness, In May, losing 19 killed, 88 wounded and 11 missing. Afterwards it was engaged in forays, and lost 5 killed and 34 wounded at Coal Harbor. In Maryland, at Monocracy, it was in hot engagement, losing 4 killed, 74 wounded, 2 captured and 50 missing. After a short rest at Baltimore, the regiment again went into active operations in Virginia. On the 29th of August, it completely routed the army at Bolivar Heights. In the battle of Winchester, in September, it among the first to occupy the Heights; and captured artillery and prisoners at Fisher's Hill. In fact, to the end of the war, this regiment was distinguished for bravery, energy and usefulness. At the presentation of captured flags, to General Mead, having captured more flags than any other regiment in the 6th Corps, it was selected as a guard of honor to escort them to the General Headquarters. During its term of service, the regiment was in twenty-one engagements, and sustained the loss of seven hundred and ninety-five men, in killed, wounded and missing. It was mustered out at Washington City, June 25, 1865, and discharged at Columbus, Ohio. Company G of the 110th was raised, to a great extent, in Newberry and Newton townships, by Capt. J.C. Ullery, of Covington, C.M. Gross and George W. Miller, Lieutenants. There will probably be a good turnout at Piqua, of the veterans; and we are glad to see from the programme in their papers, that the hospitable people of our neighbor city are prepared to give them a hearty reception.

"The brave old soldier, ne'er despise,
nor count him as a s'ranger;
Remember! he's the country's guard,
In the day and hour of danger!"

The 110th OVI fought along side the 126th OVI in the 2nd Brigade, Third Division, Sixth Corps.

In the spring of 1864 we started on the campaign of that year about the 4th of May. In going into the Wilderness I crossed with the pioneers over a pontoon bridge over the Rapidan River at Germanna ford. The river was swollen from the heavy rains and the road was cut deep with mud, and the Horses and Mules could not draw the heavy loaded wagons up the opposite bank or bluffs. Our officers got a long rope for two to pull at, and a hook at one end of the rope to hook in the ring of the wagon tongue and help the Mules pull a wagon train 15 miles long over the River and up the bank. We commenced at about sundown to help. We would pull the wagon up to the top of the bank, unhook the rope, go down through the mud and ____ hook on another and pull that up through the mud and so on all night until sun up. The next morning, the last one got over the river. Here at this job I sweat and got wet and chilled and got Rheumatism which I am now receiving a Pension for $24 per month. We had not been out long to get hardened to the hardships of the campaign. It was too sudden a change from our winter quarters in the log huts at Culpeper or Brandy Station, Virginia, in the spring of 1864.

We broke winter quarters in the month of April and crossed the Rapidan River over onto the Wilderness. There we found the Confederate Army commanded by Genl. Robert E. Lee. We crossed at the different fords across the river and attacked them in the Wilderness close to the old Chancelorsville House. We had a desparate battle with them [the afternoon of May 5]. We pushed them into and through the Wilderness. At night we slept with our guns in our hand where we stopped to lay down to try to sleep and meditate over the transaction of the day. We could not sleep well, the country being so desolate and God forsaken, that we hoped we would not get killed in such God forsaken country, and the Whippoorwills made the woods ring with their song. It seemed so desolate that we wished we could get out of this spot of the country. None of us wished to die here. The thought of dieing stared us in the face as the bullets flew thick around here, but we pushed ahead until we could see something like an open spot ahead of us. We thought we were nearly through the woods of the Wilderness. All at once we struck the confederate's earth works. They gave us such a deadly volley [that] our brigade commanded by General [Truman] Seymour (1824-1891) retreated to the rear and Gen'l Seymour seen he could not get away from them. He surrendered me and himself and his staff. All did not retreat with the rest. I stood there and looked on, and watched my chance to get away. Directly the confederates turned their backs toward me and talked to the Gen'l and his staff officers. Then I took to the rear a few lively steps and disappeared in the brush, and took the trail of my old Brigade, and it was on a flank movement towards their Capitol.

We tried to beat them to Spotsylvania, C.H., a fortified place nearer Richmond, their capitol.